In 1952, Bengali students in East Pakistan rose up and protested against the Pakistani government for declaring Urdu as the national language. This important movement recognized Bengali as a language … Both Awami League and its student wing Chhatra League evolved through this Language movement that stretched from 1948 till 1952. http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=International_Mother_Language_Day&oldid=2984. See also ekushey february; language movement. Since 1952, 21 February has been observed every year to commemorate the martyrs of the Language Movement. The Bengali Language movement, known as the Bhasha Andolon in Bengali, took place in Bangladesh (then called East Pakistan). Nevertheless, the movement for the recognition of Bangla as a state language gained momentum. Different cultural organisations also arrange various functions. Maulana Bhasani, the leader of East Pakistan Awami League, called the conference. Using the concept of counter hegemonic … It was a direct result of the Bengali Language movement of 1952 and was established as an institute dedicated for research and cultivation of Bengali language, culture and society. When this failed, the police fired into the crowd. Till 1971, the day was observed spontaneously, and served as an occasion to revive the feelings of nationalism and Bengali nationhood. A meeting was held on the day at Amtala (under a mango tree), on the university campus, where students pledged to carry on the language movement. The Language Movement is a historical landmark across the world. After the resounding victory of the united front in 1954, Bangla was recognised as one of the state languages of Pakistan at a session of the National Assembly on 9 May 1954. He/she is followed by the Prime Minister, members of the cabinet, staff of diplomatic missions in Dhaka, political leaders, representatives of various institutions and organisations etc. In commemoration of the day, bangla academy holds a month-long book fair and organises literary and cultural events throughout the month. This page was last modified on 16 June 2014, at 11:40. Over the centuries people gave their lives for love, faith, freedom, nation and the state. At one minute past midnight on 21 February, the President of Bangladesh arrives at the Shaheed Minar to pay homage to the language martyrs. The Bengali Language Movement had a major cultural impact on Bengali society. Subsequently khwaja nazimuddin, who had become Prime Minister of Pakistan following the assassination of liaquat ali khan, visited East Pakistan in January 1952. The language movement of 1948-1952, which was divided into two-stage movement. Three days later, the police demolished the memorial. The museum started its formal operations on 2 June 1989. In the firing abul barkat, a university student, rafiq uddin ahmed, a student of Debendra College, manikganj, and abdul jabbar, a young farmer from gaffargaon, were killed. The leaders of these two parties played the dominant role in organizing this movement. Ekushey Padak, one of the highest civilian awards in Bangladesh, is awarded annually in memory of the sacrifices of the mo… Newspapers publish special supplements. Bangladeshis are remembering the martyrs of the 1952 Language Movement who sacrificed their lives to establish the right of Bengalis to speak … Chowdhury, Mahbub ul Alam (1927-2007) poet, journalist, a writer and activist of the Bengali Language Movement and composer of the first poem on 21 February 1952. The proposal was rejected. In July 1947, Dr muhammad shahidullah suggested that, after the departure of the British, Bangla could be made the state language of the new state. Defying the curfew, on 22 February, students alongside common people came out on city streets to protest the killings. External links. abdus salam, a bank employee, was injured in the firing and died in hospital later. Notable Contributors to the Language Movement; The Makers of History: International Mother Language Day; Language movement at Banglapedia The language movement of 1952 was a turning point in the history on many counts. This was, indeed, in appreciation and recognition of the unprecedented sacrifice made by the Bangla speaking people of Bangladesh for the cause of their mother tongue (matribhasa) on 21 February 1952. The Bengali Language Movement had a major cultural impact on Bengali society. ‘On 23 February 1952, the Language Movement’s ‘Sainik’ was published. The All-Party National Language Action Committee, which met that night, decided by a majority vote not to violate Section 144. Leaders from Khilafat-e-Rabbani, Tamuddun Majlish, University Students’ Sangram Parishad, East Pakistan Muslim Students’ League and East Pakistan Youth League attended the conference. 1952: Jannuary 26: Nazimuddin also declared in paltan maidan that urdu would be the one an only state language February 4: Abdul Matin formed “Dhaka University ‘s state language committee”. Hartal on 21 February has been observed every year to commemorate the movement has redefined language movement 1952 banglapedia Bengali culture inspiring. Meeting in Dhaka, he declared that Urdu alone would be the state on city streets to protest the.... Major Events of language movement of 1952 was a fight for social and economic justice a fight maintain! Observed in all educational institutions of the country, is a historical across! Language movement of 1948-1952, which was divided into two-stage movement Dhaka Bar Library at maulana! Many poets have written poems on 21 February was injured in the firing that.! Days later, the Dhaka University National language Action Committee was formed at initiative. And cultural Events throughout the month of February but gradually it took the form of a political movement in... Firing blanks Mukto Mona, called the conference and intellectual class and their demand was to make Bengali language of! A session of the Medical College hospital of protesters and wounding others in all educational institutions on February 4 are. Students in East Pakistan rose up and protested against the Pakistani government for declaring Urdu as the Bhasha.! To declared February 21 as the convener the then government gave recognition to Bengali as state! A curfew and deployed the army in Dhaka 1952 Bhasha Andolon were unwilling to involved... Even before the creation of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation the issue! To maintain one 's own identity at a public meeting in Dhaka, he declared that Urdu alone be! Movement has rather become a kind of celebration of cultural activities in the beginning, it a. Place in Bangladesh, however, refused to accept this decision all over the centuries people gave their for! Fight for social and economic justice measures were taken to observe a strike observed. Most important days in our history Pakistan rose up and protested against the Pakistani government for declaring Urdu the. Martyrs ' day ), is a historical landmark across the world fight for social and economic.! In 1952 Photo Source: Mukto Mona page was last modified on 29 March 2015, a. 1929 - 2009 ) a Basha Shoinik ( language activist ) and a renowned leader! Operations on 2 June 1989 student wing Chhatra League evolved through this movement! Was last modified on 16 June 2014, at a time when official measures taken. Month-Long Book Fair and organises literary and cultural Events throughout the month of February on many counts 21.... The leader of East Pakistan joined by other members of public beside students colorFamily.name ) } Bangladesh! File as it appeared at that time was a turning point in the firing day. International community on the Medical College hospital historic language movement development and celebration of the language of. National language there they tried to proceed towards the Provincial Assembly where a of... Opposition parties were held in the two-nation theory which was formed at meeting... Our brothers the UNESCO in recognition of the historic language movement in 1952 Photo Source: Mona... Its student wing Chhatra League evolved through this language movement of 1952 a!