The spleen is a small organ, typically located on the left side of the body, behind the ribcage and stomach.It is the largest organ in the body’s lymphatic system, which is responsible for promoting immune function, filtering the blood, and managing blood volume.. If the spleen is severely damaged, it can be removed surgically with a procedure called a splenectomy. The lymphatic system is the system of ducts and lymph nodes which are found under the skin. The spleen is the largest lymphoid organ and has a crucial function in the immune system. The spleen is composed of two types of tissue: white pulp and red pulp. The spleen and its role in immune function. As the lymph nodes are filters for the lymphatic circulation, the spleen is the primary filtering element for the blood. . eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The spleen is a soft, dark-purple organ found in the upper-left portion of the abdomen. What is a spleen. An individual can survive without a spleen. The red pulp acts as a filter and storage reservoir for the blood. The spleen is an organ found in almost all vertebrate animals. The majority of the functions of the spleen are taken over by the liver after a splenectomy. The spleen is a brownish fist-sized organ located in the upper left side of the abdomen, tucked into a space between the stomach, pancreas and left kidney. One major function is that this organ filters blood, removing foreign bodies, microbes, and faulty red blood cells (R… It also correlates with the Earth element, which is affiliated with worry and rumination. Other functions of the spleen are less prominent, especially in the healthy adult: The spleen has a few important functions: It fights any invading germs in the blood (the spleen contains infection-fighting white blood cells). The four most important normal functions of the spleen are as follows: Clearance of microorganisms and particulate antigens from the blood stream Synthesis of immunoglobulin G … If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately. While the spleen is useful and does perform vital tasks, other organs in the body also work to filter the blood and fight infection, and blood cells are mainly produced in the bones. The spleen is an organ located in the upper left part of the abdomen, behind the stomach and under the diaphragm. In these cases, the outcome is the same; the lack of splenic function means your immune system cannot function optimally and you may be at a greater risk for certain kinds of infections. Its function is equivalent to the lymph nodes, but in contrast to that, spleen is classified as a part of blood vessel system (not l… If this occurs, other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes and liver, can take over many of the spleen's functions. See Additional Information. An enlarged spleen can be detected by physician examination or via diagnostic imaging. It also plays important role in immune defence of body. Function of the Spleen The majority of the spleen's functions are related to the immune system or the blood supply. An enlarged spleen can be detected by physician examination or via diagnostic imaging. The structure of the spleen enables it to remove older erythrocytes from the circulation and leads to the efficient removal of blood-borne microorganisms and cellular debris. The spleen can become enlarged due to infections, cancers, liver disease, parasites, and other conditions, and can grow in weight to about four pounds. The spleen can become enlarged as a result of infection, anemia or cancer. What does the spleen do? The spleen contains blood vessels that carry and circulate bodily fluids and it works with the blood and lymph systems. The physical organization of the spleen allows it to filter blood of pathogens and abnormal cells and facilitate … What is spleen removal? The spleen is formed partly by lymphatic tissue which produces T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes. If the spleen is severely damaged, it can be removed surgically with a procedure called a splenectomy. The main function of the spleen is, of course, filtering the blood. The majority of the spleen's functions are related to the immune system or the blood supply. Although the spleen is an important organ, it is not vital for human survival. Beef spleen will weigh 0.9–1.4 kg, pig spleen 170 g, and sheep spleen 57–85 g. After removal and trimming, the spleens are soaked in water, drained, dried, and then chilled. When you compare its size with the work it does, you will find that it’s an organ full of activity. Located between the stomach and diaphragm underneath the rib cage, the spleen is an average of 12 cm long, 7 cm high and 4 cm thick. \"The spleen . The spleen is a useful organ, but it is not vital. acts as a blood filter; it controls the amount of red blood cells and blood storage in the body, and helps to fight infection,\" said Jordan Knowlton, an advanced registered nurse practitioner at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital. The spleen is an organ the size of a fist found in the left upper quadrant (LUQ) of the abdomen, under the protection of the inferior thoracic cage. The size and weight of the spleen can vary. These trabeculae [and capsule too] contains myoepithelial cells which provide them contractile ability. A person may need a spleen removed if it becomes injured or cancerous. The white pulp of the spleen participates in the immune system by producing the lymphocytes. It acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system. The white pulp of the spleen participates in the immune system by producing the lymphocytes. An individual can survive without a spleen. The spleen works with other organs in the body to complete the tasks of blood storage, fighting infection and filtering the blood. © 2020 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. Splenic Infarction results when blood flow to the spleen is cut off or reduced. There are many herbal kits that claim to detoxify and support your spleen. It is possible to have the spleen removed and live a healthy life. The spleen removes old red blood cells, called erythrocytes, from the blood supply and removes, stores and produces white blood cell lymphocytes. The spleen is the largest secondary lymphoid organ in the body and, as such, hosts a wide range of immunologic functions alongside its roles in hematopoiesis and red blood cell clearance. The spleen provides the cells with energy that regulate our immune system function. Proliferation and differentiation of lymphocytes occur in the white pulp. The spleen is an organ containing blood vessels and lymph nodes. Your spleen is a small organ located on the left side of your abdomen under the rib cage. Once the spleen is removed, however, an individual does have an increased susceptibility to infections due to the loss of immune function for which the liver is unable to compensate. The average healthy adult's spleen measures about five inches long, three inches wide, and one and a half inches thick, and a healthy spleen weighs about six ounces. It is a soft, purple, vascular organ, shaped like a small smooth rounded catcher's mitt with notches on the upper front edge. The spleen combines the innate and adaptive immune system in a uniquely organized way. However, medical supplementation is often needed in such cases. Spleen • Lymphatic organ connected to blood vascular system • Part of mononuclear phagocyte system. The main immunological function of the spleen is to filter the blood by trapping bloodborne microbes and producing an immune response to them. It recognizes and removes old, malformed, or damaged red blood cells. This ability is used to pump out the stored blood when body needs it as in case of bleeding or physiological demand as in exercise. The majority of the spleen's functions are related to the immune system or the blood supply. Then, these cells migrate through marginal zone into the red pulp venous sinusoids and are released into blood. The spleen is responsible for expression, memory function, thoughts, and can be an indicator of someone’s mental stability. Your doctor generally can't feel a normal-sized spleen in adults but can feel an enlarged spleen. Do your research and make sure the company is reputable. By structure and function, the spleen is essentially 2 organs: the white pulp, consisting of periarterial lymphatic sheaths and germinal centers, acts as an immune organ;the red pulp, consisting of macrophages and granulocytes lining vascular spaces (the cords and sinusoids), acts as a … Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. The spleen is an organ containing blood vessels and lymph nodes. Located in the upper left region of the abdominal cavity, the spleen's primary function is to filter blood of damaged cells, cellular debris, and pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. // Leaf Group Lifestyle, Considerations After Surgical Removal of the Spleen, Spleen Diseases. The spleen is composed of two types of tissue: white pulp and red pulp. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 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