Within a few hours, Gruber had set the composition to music for two solo voices and a choir. (Vienna 1801–1862)Large thistle still life with poppies, butterflies, spider and snake, signed, oil on canvas, 80 x 65 cm, framed, (Rei) Provenance: Private Collection, Sweden It is easy to understand the nickname “Distelgruber” (“Thistle Gruber”), by which Franz Xaver Gruber is still known, when considering this work. Nevertheless, Gruber’s authorship was doubted, with many people assuming that the melody had been written by a much better known composer such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, or Ludwig van Beethoven. Silent Night (originally “Stille Nacht”) was composed by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in 1818. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Discover Franz Xaver Gruber. Confidential. The Hochburger schoolteacher Andreas Peterlechner gave him … We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. By the age of twenty, Gruber had finally finished his studies and passed the necessary exams to become a certified teacher and organist. As the young Franz Gruber came of age he discovered that his true interest was in music, and he cultivated it by taking music lessons in secret from organist Georg Hartdobler at … Franz Gruber had already written musical compositions for various occasions and this was simply another task. His given name was recorded in the baptismal record as "Conrad Xavier," but this was later changed to "Franz Xaver". Franz Xaver Gruber (født 25. november 1787 i Unterweitzberg, Hochburg-Ach, død 7. juni 1863 i Hallein) var en østrigsk skolelærer og organist, der skrev Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht.. Han var ansat ved kirken i landsbyen Arnsdorf.Samtidig var han organist og korleder i St. Nicholas Kirke i nabobyen Oberndorf nær Salzburg.Han … Due to major damage after heavy floods at the end of the 19th century, the church was completely taken down. His given name was recorded in the baptismal record as "Conrad Xavier," but this was later changed to "Franz Xaver." The guitar was seen as a worldly instrument in those days, and not fit for use in a church. Franz Xaver Gruber (1787 – 1863) Teacher, musician and composer of the melody of “Silent Night” In the afternoon of 24 December 1818, Franz Xaver Gruber from the Upper Austrian Innviertel region composed the melody of “Silent Night” at his meagre teacher’s residence in Arnsdorf. Nevertheless, the parents’ sparse earnings were barely enough to cover the costs of raising a family. Their collaboration led to the creation of one of the most familiar and best-loved carols of all time. Weaving was an important additional source of income at the time. It was during this time that Gruber wrote “Silent … Franz Xaver Gruber (November 25, 1787 – June 7, 1863). In order to have music for that night’s Midnight Mass, the church’s assistant priest, Joseph Mohr, asked Gruber to compose a melody for a poem he had written in 1816. Beginning in 1817, his love for music connected him with the new assistant priest in Oberndorf, Joseph Mohr, a passionate singer and guitar player. One year later, Gruber married his third wife, his second wife’s friend, the shoemaker’s widow Katharina Rieser (widowed Wimmer) from Bockstein. Silent Night is not only one of the most popular Christmas Carols, but also one of the most popular piece of music ever produced. The song was probably not much performed until about 1825, when an organ repairman obtained a copy of the song. Christmas. View the profiles of people named Franz Xaver Gruber. 8225678, citing Gruber Museum, Niederarnsdorf, Salzburg-Umgebung Bezirk, Salzburg, Austria ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Franz-Xaver Gruber, 1873 - 1945 Franz-Xaver Gruber 1873 1945 Franz-Xaver Gruber was born on month day 1873, at birth place , to Balthasar Gruber and Mathild Gruber (born Huber) . Although Silent Night has tended to overshadow his other works, Gruber was actually quite a prolific composer. Musical drama. Basic search. Gruber wrote a number of other religious compositions and several orchestral arrangements of “Silent Night,” but his authorship of the carol was still in dispute at the time of his death in Hallein, Austria, on June 7, 1863. The marriage resulted in ten children; only four of them survived to become adults: Franz Xaver, Elisabeth, Amalie and Felix. Franz Xaver Gruber was born in Unterweizburg, Upper Austria, on November 25, 1787. From 1816 to 1829, he served as organist at St. Nicholas’ Church in Oberndorf. The townspeople received the new song with enthusiasm. The event which brought 20,000 outsiders to the region and which saw Gruber direct many orchestral performances over the course of the five-day festival, which helped secure his reputation throughout the region. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Franz Xaver Gruber (25 Nov 1787–6 Jul 1863), Find a Grave Memorial no. The controversy was put to rest in 1994 when a long-lost arrangement of Silent Night in the hand of Joseph Mohr was authenticated. Musical accompaniment was provided by Mohr’s guitar. Neither Mohr nor Gruber could possibly have perceived that their co-production would someday make them famous. Level 2. Silent Night was declared an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in 2011. From 1816 to 1829, he served as organist at St. Nicholas’ Church in Oberndorf. The priest and the teacher sang it together after the Christmas mass at the St. Nikolas Church in Oberndorf, Mohr accompanied the performance with his guitar. By the 1850s the song had became quite famous throughout Europe, but the melody had been somewhat altered. Different books, dramas and films have been devoted to the origin of this song. Nevertheless, until Franz was eighteen years old, he continued to work as a weaver with his brothers and sisters. For handbells (3-5 octaves) / handchimes (3-5 octaves). Piano and cello arrangement of this very well known christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber. This represented the first time that the public was exposed to the vast majority of Gruber’s work, which includes an astonishing 60 masses and over twenty additional liturgical pieces in addition to dance music, secular songs and arrangements of many hits from the operatic tradition. In the upper right hand corner of the arrangement, Mohr wrote, “Melodie von Fr. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. Gruber.”, Copy of original composition for Silent Nightby Joseph Mohr and Franz Xaver Gruber (December 24, 1818)photo credit Silent Night Association. The Silent Night Chapel stands on the original site of the St. Nicholas Church. The closest repairman would not be able to visit for months, meaning the Christmas ceremonies would have to be held absent of music. Gruber didn’t receive much recognition for his most famous work during his lifetime, although he got to experience the early days of the song’s success, only his descendants saw it spread throughout the world. Gruber, Franz Xaver, 1787-1863. Silent Night wasn’t an entirely spontaneous production. Handbell sheet In 1807, he began his first independent position as a teacher, sacristan and organist in Arnsdorf. (1787–1863). People Projects Discussions Surnames After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. Austrian organist and composer Franz Xaver Gruber’s fame rests entirely on his composition of the Christmas carol “Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht” (“Silent Night, Holy Night”). In particular his hymn Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht (1818), known in English as Silent Night, Holy Night, has survived to become one of today’s most popular Christmas carols. Franz Xaver Gruber - Der Schneeberg - 3999 - Österreichische Galerie Belvedere.jpg 2,948 × 3,508; 14.35 MB Franz Xaver Gruber - Großes Distelstillleben.jpg 468 × 616; 86 KB Franz Xaver Gruber - Orangegelbe Rosen.jpg 1,346 × 1,810; 442 KB Franz Xaver Gruber was born in Hochberg, Austria, the son of a poor … Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. A világszerte közismert karácsonyi dal, a Csendes éj zenéjének szerzője. Although they come out of a tradition that is classically influenced, Gruber was unique in incorporating several uniquely Romantic aspects in his works, and as such they often had a heightened sense of drama. A few weeks before Christmas, the church organ broke down, which was vital to the Christmas performances. Find top songs and albums by Franz Xaver Gruber including Easter Oratorio "Kommt, Eilet Und Laufet", BWV 249: III. Other than that, however, the song didn’t seem to hold any particular significance for him. Like Silent Night, most of Gruber’s other works are simple and melodic. Britannica does not review the converted text. Franz Xaver Gruber. Kommt, Eilet Und Laufet, Silent Night and more. Franz Xaver Gruber (25 November 1787 – 7 June 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher and church organist in the village of Arnsdorf, who is best known for composing the music to Stille Nacht (Silent Night). Franz Xaver Gruber (25. listopadu 1787 Steinpointsölde, Hochburg-Ach – 7. června 1863 Hallein) byl rakouským skladatelem a autorem melodie světoznámé vánoční koledy Tichá noc. Myths and fanciful tales gathered around its origins. Written by Moss Hart.Incidental music by Sgt. Listen to music by Franz Xaver Gruber on Apple Music. The story of how it was written has probably been expanded, embellished and romanticised over the years. Gruber … The German words for the original six stanzas of the carol were written by Joseph Mohr in 1816 while serving the church of Mariapfarr, two years before the musical scores were penned. Gruber wrote “Silent Night,” and it was performed that night to guitar accompaniment, with Gruber himself singing the bass part. On one of his visits, he discovered the text and music of Silent Night (then called “Christmas Song”) and took it back to Tyrol with him. It has been translated into at least 140 languages. Franz Xaver Gruber (November 25, 1787 – June 7, 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher and church organist in the village of Arnsdorf. askART's database currently holds 48 auction lots for Franz Xaver Gruber (of which 30 auction records sold and 0 are upcoming at auction.) Franz Xaver Gruber was born on November 25, 1787 at Unterweizburg 9 in the village of Hochburg in the Inn River region of Upper Austria. Franz Xaver Gruber (25 November 1787 – 7 June 1863), was a 19 th century Austrian teacher, musician and composer most famous for his sacred works. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Thus, the simple carol began its journey around the world as a “Tyrolean Folk Song.”. “Silent Night,” which has been translated into many languages, is probably the most famous Christmas carol in the world. There were also several disagreements with his superiors. In 1807 he became a teacher at the … Gruber did not manage to get transferred to Oberndorf. The men were perhaps more concerned about how the people would receive the implementation of this instrument than how they would like the new song. Joseph Mohr (December 11, 1792 – December 4, 1848), Austrian Roman Catholic priest and writer. On another occasion, according to an historical plaque, the Rainer Family sang the Christmas carol before an audience which included Emperor Franz I and Tsar Alexander I. In particular his hymn Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht (1818), known in English as Silent Night, Holy Night, has survived to become one of today’s most popular Christmas … Philosophie Des Denkens (1842): Gruber, Franz Xaver: Amazon.com.tr Çerez Tercihlerinizi Seçin Alışveriş deneyiminizi geliştirmek, hizmetlerimizi sunmak, müşterilerin hizmetlerimizi nasıl kullandığını anlayarak iyileştirmeler yapabilmek ve tanıtımları gösterebilmek için çerezler ve benzeri araçları kullanmaktayız. After the death of his first wife in 1825, Gruber married a former student, Maria Breitfuss. Zillertal folk music groups began singing it in Alpine villages and before long, the song was known in Munich and other cities. Mohr sang tenor and Gruber bass, while the church choir joined in on the refrain. See new and popular Gruber, Franz Xaver songs, uploaded by Musescore users, connect with a community of musicians who love to write and play music. His second son, Felix (1840 – 1884), followed his father to become the choirmaster of Hallein. Download for free in PDF / MIDI format, or print directly from our site. The high point of Gruber’s career in Arnsdorf was the 300-year anniversary of the “Maria im Mösl” pilgrimage church in 1820. Find out about current and sold works by Franz Xaver Gruber at Dorotheum Auctions. The organ builder, Karl Mauracher, made temporary repairs to the old organ in the spring of 1819 and built a new organ in 1825. Franz Xaver Gruber (1801 - 1862) was active/lived in Austria. In 1997, Gruber was established beyond doubt as the composer when an original manuscript of an arrangement of “Silent Night” was discovered that clearly identified Gruber as the writer of the melody. In 1829 Gruber moved to Berndorf, and in later years to Hallein, Salzburg, where he was named choir director, singer and organist. Arranged by Susan E Geschke. Franz Xaver Gruber (25 November 1787 – 7 June 1863) was an Austrian primary school teacher, church organist and composer in the village of Arnsdorf, who is best known for composing the music to "Stille Nacht" ("Silent Night"). Franz Xaver von Baader, (born March 27, 1765, Munich, Bavaria [Germany]—died May 23, 1841, Munich), Roman Catholic layman who became an influential mystical theologian and ecumenicist.. Franz Xaver Gruber (teljes nevén Conrad Franz Xaver Gruber; néha egyszerűen Franz Gruber) (Unterweitzberg, (Hochburg-Ach), 1787. november 25. As organist, Gruber was probably not very excited about composing a piece for Mohr’s guitar. However, the most significant moment of Gruber’s career, or at least the one he is best remembered for today, was composing music for the song Silent Night, set to Josef Mohr’s lyrics. On Christmas Eve the carol Silent Night was heard for the first time in St. Nikolas Church in Oberndorf, Austria where Joseph Mohr was the assistant pastor. Genealogy for Franz Xaver Gruber (1826 - 1871) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Franz Xaver Gruber, Soundtrack: L.A. After only three months of teaching, Franz Xaver Gruber was capable of playing the basso continuo on the organ. When he was about 20, Gruber took a job as schoolmaster in Arnsdorf, where he taught for some 20 years. He asked Gruber to add a melody to his poem. After this first act, Gruber composed an additional organ arrangement for the song. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Franz Xaver Gruber was born in Hochberg, Austria, the son of a poor weaver whose intentions were that his son would follow in the family trade. His parents Josef and Anna Gruber were small farmers and linen weavers. osztrák zeneszerző, orgonista és karnagy. David Rose. Franz Gruber is known for Painting. Old St. Nicholas Church in Oberndorf, Austria, the site where the Silent Night was performed for the first time in 1818. Filled with enthusiasm, Gruber dedicated himself to training singers and musicians for the church choir. He also played the violin, continued his musical education and began composing his own songs. Join Facebook to connect with Franz Xaver Gruber and others you may know. Abandoning a profitable career as a mining engineer in 1820, he turned his attention to a study of politics and religion.His earlier efforts to … Robert Russell Bennett. On Christmas Eve of 1818, Mohr showed Gruber a six-stanza poem Silent Night he had written two years previously. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. Choose an order for your search results. In 1841, Gruber’s second wife and his last child died during childbirth. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Franz Xaver Gruber has … To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. Finally, he was able to convince his father to let him pursue a career in music and teaching, his strict father could no longer ignore his son’s extraordinary talents and gave him permission to attend organ lessons with the well-known choirmaster Georg Hartdobler in Burghausen. Silent Night was translated into English in 1863 by Jane Campbell and made its first appearance in America in 1871 in Charles Hutchins’ Sunday School Hymnal. 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